Greek-Turkish Relations
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What dangers does the upgrading of the Azeri SU-25s by the Turks signal for Greece?

The civil-military cooperation between Turkey and Azerbaijan in recent years and especially after the provision of Turkish military aid resulting in the victorious conclusion of the war in Nagorno-Karabakh for Baku, are at their peak.

How Greece is affected by Turkey-Azerbaijan military cooperation

For Greece, however, the "Shousa Declaration" signed on June 15, 2021 between Turkey and Azerbaijan is of particular importance, since it describes joint efforts to reorganize and modernize the Armed Forces of Azerbaijan, as well as imposes joint action in case of aggressive action by third parties. against the independence or sovereignty of one of the parties.

From the above, we conclude that Greece, in the event of a military confrontation with Turkey, should count Azerbaijan as a potential opponent, especially the air force and the Special Forces of this country.

Both on a tactical and strategic level, this gives additional capabilities to those already existing in Turkey, such as the possibility of providing even greater strategic depth to the Turkish air force, which will be able to launch aerial refueling from the territory of Azerbaijan against the country us, even if we destroy with strategic weapons-munitions of our air force and navy critical air facilities-airports in the interior of Turkey.

Also, the Air Force of Azerbaijan has Mig-21, Mig-29 and Su-25 combat aircraft which our country has never faced in aerial combat.

Following the above, the Turkish upgrade of Azerbaijan's Su-25 fighter jets, which is being carried out, should receive a similar study by us.

The Turkish upgrade of Azerbaijan's Su-25s


Turkish media, authoritative in defense matters, refers to the integration of the UPS-82 in Su-25 fighter aircraft, noting among other things that the integration of the Winged Guidance Kit (KGK) of TÜBİTAK-SAGE was carried out in the Su-25 fighter aircraft of Azerbaijan, giving it the ability to hit enemy targets from a greater distance and with greater accuracy.

Defense industry relations between Turkey and Azerbaijan are increasing day by day. Eventually the Winged Guidance Kit (KGK) developed by TÜBİTAK-SAGE was incorporated into Azerbaijan's Soviet-made Su-25 fighter jet.

The Su-25 fighter jet with built-in guidance kit posed for photographers during Exercise Anatolia Eagle.

Turkey continues to integrate long-range and precision-guided munitions into Azerbaijan's warplanes. At the same time, the built-in ammunition is to NATO standards.

According to secure information, it is considered certain that in the future Azerbaijan will also be supplied with Cruise SOM missiles from Turkey.

The Winged Guidance Kit (KGK) developed by TÜBİTAK-SAGE, is a winged guidance kit that converts existing 500 lb MK-82 and 1000 lb MK-83 general purpose unguided bombs into high precision, air-to-ground smart munitions.

Thanks to the UPS, the MK-82 and MK-83 bombs have precision strike capability in all weather conditions.

This ensures that aircraft can safely complete their missions without approaching dangerous areas.

The KGK's counterpart, which is still in service with the Turkish Air Force, is the American-made AGM-154 JSOW.

General characteristics

Long range with opening wing assembly
Ability to operate day and night in all weather conditions
Built-in ANS/KKS precision strike capability
Compatibility with F-16C Block 40 and F 4E / 2020 fighter jets
Selectable shooting angle
Attacking targets of opportunity
Waypoint tracking
MIL STD 1760 compliant
Increased range

The UPS can reach a maximum range of 60 nautical miles (110km+) when launched from high altitude and a maximum range of 20 nautical miles (37km+) when launched from low altitude.

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